Civil Litigation Attorney – Maryland DC Virginia
|Civil litigation in Maryland, Washington, DC, and Virginia is a broad term that generally refers to a legal dispute between two or more parties where money damages or equitable remedies are sought. Civil litigation includes personal injury matters, property damage claims, liability in spite of a waiver, appeals, and even lawsuits between two businesses when a contract is breached. Civil litigation also includes all types of appeals of civil lawsuits. Maryland civil litigation matters begin in the District Court or Circuit Court. Washington, DC civil litigation matters begin in the Superior Court. Virginia civil litigation matters begin in the District Court or Circuit Court. However, Maryland appeals, DC appeals, and Virginia appeals will begin in different courts within the states.
Federal civil litigation all begin in the relevant federal district court. That includes the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland, U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, and U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, and the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Virginia. Litigants in each of these federal district courts can appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit except for the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia wherein litigants can appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.
Civil litigation attorneys represent clients from the inception of a case to the final verdict or settlement and sometimes in the appeals process. The attorneys at Longman & Van Grack are skilled in all areas of civil litigation and have experience representing plaintiffs, defendants, appellants, and appellees in a wide variety of cases, including:
The Civil Litigation Process
Although the details of every litigation matter vary dramatically depending on the circumstances and jurisdiction, the legal process of most civil litigation matters is standard. After a client comes to our office (Rockville, Bethesda, DC or Tysons Corner) for an initial consultation, our civil litigation lawyers will begin the investigation process. If our client is the plaintiff, our legal team will investigate if there is a prima facie case, or enough evidence to bring a lawsuit. If our client is the defendant in the lawsuit, we will work tirelessly to identify and devise any possible litigation defense strategies that may be available.
After the initial investigation, each civil litigation attorney will artfully draft and file pleadings. Pleadings are the documents needed to initiate a civil case and include the Summons, Complaint, and Answer. Depending again upon what side our client is on in the litigation matter, the requisite documents will be filed within the time limitations set forth by law.
After the pleading stage, the lengthy civil litigation discovery process begins. Discovery is the process by which attorneys on either side of the lawsuit/litigation exchange information about the matter. Deciding which documents to request and provide to an opponent is one of the most important skills a civil litigation attorney can possess. The civil litigation discovery phase includes document review, depositions and medical and physical exams among other things. Longman & Van Grack’s civil litigation attorneys in Maryland, DC, and Virginia are experienced in navigating this long and complex process.
Next is the pre-trial phase of a civil litigation matter. In this phase, motion practice is critical. Motion practice is the means by which civil litigation attorneys argue their points before trial. Our seasoned litigation lawyers will use motion practice for various reasons including seeking a directed verdict and summary judgment and opposing the other sides motions. This is also where our civil litigation attorneys work to develop a trial strategy as well as prepare witnesses to testify and physical evidence for trial.
When faced with a lawsuit, many people contemplate a long and public trial. However, most cases never get to the trial stage. At Longman & Van Grack, we focus on settlement. Longman & Van Grack’s civil litigation attorneys work tirelessly to settle our civil litigation cases prior to trial. Most parties prefer to settle their lawsuit prior to trial as it can be expensive and risky. During a civil litigation trial, the parties present their cases to the court, which could be a judge or a judge and jury, via direct and cross examination of witnesses and the presentation of other evidence. If your civil litigation case does proceed to trial, our skilled trial attorneys can offer top-notch representation. As there is a winner and a loser in every trial, there is always an unfavorable outcome for one of the litigation parties. That party may choose to appeal the civil case. In the case of appeal, it is essential to secure the representation of a capable appeals attorney to handle the complicated appeals process. The attorneys at Longman & Van Grack are also well-versed in the appeals process. To learn about the DC, Virginia, Federal, and Maryland appeals process, visit out Appellate Practice Page.
Again, most civil litigation lawsuits settle before going to trial. Whether settlements are reached privately or via alternate dispute resolution such as mediation or arbitration, it is essential that you are represented by a seasoned civil litigation attorney who can negotiate for appropriate compensation or protect your rights.
Types of Litigation
At Longman & Van Grack, our attorneys address many different types of litigation.
Primarily, our attorneys focus on Maryland Litigation, Washington, DC Litigation, and Virginia Litigation. However, our attorneys are also licensed to practice litigation matters in (and have handled cases in) New York, California, Massachusetts, and Wyoming.
Whether representing a home builder with regard to construction in our Builders and Construction Litigation Group, representing a whitewater rafting outfitter with regard to liability in our Sports and Recreation Law Group, or addressing a clean water dispute related to Environmental Law, our litigation attorneys have familiarity with the legal process and the specific topics therein. We regularly handle cases in the Maryland District Court, Maryland Circuit Court, US District Court for the District of Maryland, US District Court for the District of Columbia, US District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, DC Superior Court, Virginia District Court, Virginia Circuit Court, Maryland Court of Special Appeals, Maryland Court of Appeals, DC Court of Appeals, Virginia Court of Appeals, and Virginia Supreme Court, and the US Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.
The attorneys at Longman & Van Grack skillfully practice in all areas of civil litigation. Contact us at (301)291-5027 to meet us at one of our Maryland (Rockville or Bethesda), Virginia, Washington, DC Offices.